ConcertinoPortal de pesquisa da música clássica

Os mais famosos compositores da linha do tempo

GLOSSÁRIO

Última modificação : Quinta, 26 Abril 2012 11:35


 MINI GLOSSÁRIO MUSICAL – INGLÊS/PORTUGUÊS

 

. SCORE: partitura: AN ORCHESTRAL SCORE

 

. BEAT = RHYTHM: rítmo (adj. HIGH//LOW PITCHED)

 

. HARMONY: harmonia

 

. MELODY: melodia

 

. LYRICS = WORDS: letra de música

 

 

MUSICAL GROUPS

 

. ORCHESTRA

-         CONDUCTOR / TO CONDUCT: maestro

-         BATON: batuta

 

. ENSEMBLE: conjunto de dois ou mais músicos que tocam música vocal ou instrumental; na música clássica: trios ou quartetos; JAZZ ENSEMBLES / ROCK ENSEMBLES

 

. BRASS BAND: banda de instrumentos de metal; fanfarra

 

 

STRINGED INSTRUMENTS (CORDAS)

 

. VIOLIN / VIOLINIST

 

. VIOLA / VIOLA PLAYER

 

. CELLO / CELLIST

 

. DOUBLE BASS / DOUBLE BASSIST: contrabaixo

 

. GUITAR / GUITARIST

 

. HARP / HARPIST

 

. BOW: arco

 

. STRING: corda

 

 

WOODWIND INSTRUMENTS (SOPROS E MADEIRAS)

 

. OBOE / OBOIST

 

. CLARINET / CLARINETIST

 

. FLUTE / FLAUTIST = FLUTIST: flauta transversal

 

. RECORDER / RECORDER PLAYER: flauta doce

 

. BASSOON / BASSOONIST: fagote

 

. SAXOPHONE / SAXOPHONIST

 

 

BRASS INSTRUMENTS (SOPRO METAL)

 

. TRUMPET / TRUMPETER: trompete

 

. TROMBONE / TROMBONIST

 

. FRENCH HORN / FRENC HORN PLAYER: trompa

 

. TUBA / TUBA PLAYER

 

 

PERCUSSION INSTRUMENTS (PERCUSSÃO)

 

. PERCUSSIONIST

 

. TIMPANI (abrev.TIMPS) / TIMPANIST: tímbalo, tímpano

 

. DRUM / DRUMMER: tambor

 

. CYMBALS / CYMBALIST: címbalo, pratos

 

. XYLOPHONE / XYLOPHONE PLAYER

 

 

KEYBOARD INSTRUMENTS (TECLADO)

 

. PIANO / PIANIST *

   - GRAND PIANO = PIANOFORTE: piano de cauda

   - UPRIGHT PIANO: piano de armário

 

. ORGAN / ORGANIST

 

. KEY: tecla

 

. KEYBOARD: teclado

 

. PEDALS: pedais

 

(*) em jazz: PIANO PLAYER

 

 

VOCAL MUSIC

 

. TO SING / SANG / SUNG // SINGER

  We sang The Messiah.

  TO SING UNACCOMPANIED: sem acompanhamento

 

. CHOIR: coro / CHORAL: coral  //  CHORISTER

 

 

VOICES

 

. SOPRANO (pl.SOPRANOS)

 

. TENOR

 

. BARITONE

 

. BASS / BASS VOICE

 

. ALTO (pl.ALTOS)

 

. COUNTERTENOR: tenorino

 

. OPERA / OPERA SINGER

 

. OPERATIC / OPERATIC CAREER: operístico

 

 

MUSICAL EVENTS

 

. CONCERT

 

. MUSICAL: operetta, comédia musical

 

. GIG (informal): apresentação de música pop

 

. RECITAL

 

 

MUSICAL PIECES (OBRAS)

 

. TO COMPOSE / COMPOSER / COMPOSITION

 

. SYMPHONY

 

. CONCERTO (pl.CONCERTOS / CONCERTI)

 

. OVERTURE: abertura

 

. SONG: canção

 

. PIECE: palavra genérica para composição musical

 

 

. TO LISTEN TO MUSIC / TO CLASSICAL MUSIC

 

. PEOPLE SING MUSIC OR PLAY ON INSTRUMENTS

 

. A PIECE OF MUSIC

 

. TO WRITE MUSIC

 

. TO STUDY MUSIC

 

. A CAREER IN MUSIC

 

. TO HAVE / TAKE MUSIC LESSONS

 

. TO PLAY THE PIANO

 

. TO PLAY BRAHMS

 

. ORCHESTRAL PLAYERS: músicos da orquestra

 

. TO READ MUSIC = TO UNDERSTAND THE SIGNS: ler uma partitura

 

. IT´S MUSIC TO MY EARS!: Isso é maravilhoso! (expressão idiomática)

 

. TO ACCOMPANY: acompanhar / ACCOMPANIMENT / ACCOMPANIST

 

. SOLO (pl.SOLOS): A VIOLINIST SOLO (solo de violino)

 

   - SOLOIST: solista – THE PIANO SOLOIST

 

. DUET: dueto

 

. DUO (pl.DUOS): A PIANO DUO

 

. TRIO (pl.TRIOS)

 

. QUARTET / A STRING QUARTET

 

. INSTRUMENT / MUSICAL INSTRUMENT / INSTRUMENTAL MUSIC

 

. HE PLAYED THE TRUMPET IN A JAZZ BAND.

 

. SHE DECIDED TO TAKE UP THE FLUTE: start learning to play the flute

 

. SHE TEACHES VIOLIN, CELLO AND PIANO: não se usa o artigo “the” quando mencionamos dois ou mais instrumentos

 

. THE CD FEATURES James Galway ON THE FLUTE: O CD apresenta James Galway à flauta.

 

. SHE SANG AND HE ACCOMPANIED HER ON THE PIANO.

 

. John Squire ON GUITAR: sem o artigo “the”

 

. Miles Davis PLAYED TRUMPET: sem o artigo “the”

 

. She is going to DO HER CELLO PRACTICE: estudar cello

 

. Music is COMPOSED or WRITTEN FOR an instrument. In a PIECE OF MUSIC WRITTEN FOR a GROUP OF INSTRUMENTS, each has a different PART to play: there are PARTS FOR oboe, piano and bassoon.

 

. If there is more than one part for the same type of instrument, the terms FIRST, SECOND, THIRD, etc., are used: She´s A SECOND VIOLIN = plays the second VIOLIN PART.

 

 

SYMPHONY ORQUESTRA : orquestra sinfônica

 

. PRINCIPAL: who plays the most important part

 

. DEPUTY PRINCIPAL (British) = ASSOCIATE PRINCIPAL (American)

 

. ASSISTANT PRINCIPAL

-         She became PRINCIPAL CELLIST within a few years.

 

. LEADER (Bristish) = CONCERTMASTER (American): primeiro violino (who leads the orchestra) “spalla

 

 

PHILHARMONIC ORCHESTRA : orquestra filarmônica

 

CHAMBER ORCHESTRA : orquestra de câmara

 

 

MUSICAL NOTES / NOTES (NOTAS/FIGURAS MUSICAIS)

 

. BREVE = BREVIS (British) // DOUBLE-WHOLE NOTE (American): breve

 

. SEMIBREVE (British) // WHOLE NOTE (American): semibreve

 

. MINIM (British) // HALF NOTE (American): mínima

 

. CROTCHET (British) // QUARTER NOTE (American): colcheia

 

. QUAVER (British) // EIGHT NOTE (American): semicolcheia

 

. SEMIQUAVER (British) // SIXTEENTH NOTE (American): fusa

 

. DEMISEMIQUAVER (British) // THIRTY-SECOND NOTE (American): semifusa

 

. HEMIDEMISEMIQUAVER (British) // SIXTY-FOURTH NOTE (American): quartifusa

 

 

RESTS (PAUSAS)

-         breve rest; semibreve rest …

 

 

TIME - TIME SIGNATURE, MEASURE (British) //METER (American) (FÓRMULA DE COMPASSO)

-         two-eight time

-         two-four time

-         two-two time

-         four-eight time

-         four-four time (common time)

-         four-two time

-         six-eight time

-         six-four time

-         three-eight time

-         three-four time

-         three-two time

-         nine-eight time

-         nine-four time

-         five-four time

-          

 

. BAR / BAR LINE: barra de compasso

 

. STAFF / STAVE: pentagrama, pauta musical

   Line of the staff: linhas

   Space of the staff: espaço

 

 

. SCALES: escalas

   C major scale naturals: c, d, e, f, g, a, b, c

   A minor scale (natural) naturals: a, b, c, d, e, f, g, a

   A minor scale (harmonic)

   A minor scale (melodic)

   Chromatic scale

 

 

. ACCIDENTALS: inflections, key signatures:

 

-         Signs indicating the raising of a note:

Sharp: raising the note a semitone or half-step

Double sharp: raising the note a tone or full-step

 

-         Signs indicating the lowering of a note:

Flat: lowering the note a semitone or half-step

Double flat: lowering the note a tone or full-step

 

-         Natural: bequadro

 

 

. KEYS: modo / MAJOR or MINOR

 

 

. CLEFS: claves

-         Treble clef: G-clef, violin clef (clave de sol)

-         Bass clef: F-clef (clave de fá)

-         Alto-clef: C-clef (clave de dó)

 

 

. CHORD: acorde

   - Triad

   - Major triad

   - Minor triad

   - Diminished triad

   - Augmented triad

   - Chord of four notes, a chord of the seventh (seventh chord, dominant chord)

 

 

. INTERVALS: intervalos

-         Unison (unison interval)

-         Major second

-         Major third

-         Perfect fourth

-         Perfect third

-         Major sixth

-         Major seventh

-         Perfect octave

 

 

. ORNAMENTS: ornamentos / GRACES, GRACE NOTES

-         Long appoggiatura

-         Accaciatura (short appoggiatura)

-         Slide - portamento

-         Trill (shake) without turn

-         Trill (shake) with turn

-         Upper mordent (inverted mordent, pralltriller)

-         Lower mordent (mordent)

-         Turn - grupeto

-         Arpeggio

-         Triplet: duplet (couplet), quadruplet , quintuplet, sextolet (sextuplet), septolet (septuplet, septimole)

-         Tie (bind) - ligadura

-         Pause (pause sign)

-         Repeat mark.